1876 How to Mix Drinks or the Bon-Vivant's Companion 2$50 by Jerry Thomas
WEIGHTS AHD MEASUKES.
yent the syi-up from rising over the sides, and will giease or smooth it, and thus act like the acid in keeping it from gi-aining. A little cream of tartar also on the point of a knife, will prevent it from candying. AU this time a good red fire (not a blaze) should he kept up underneath. A sm.all piece of wet rag or flannel will keep the top edges ofthe pan from crusting with sugar, which might soon cake up and burn. When boiling sugar, it is a good plan to keep the top somewhat covered after it has begunto boil,and before the syrup has been boiled to the"Crack." The steam by this plan is kept within; the sides are moistened, and no crust is formed.* With regard to the ninth degree of boihng sugar, the "Caramel," the name is derived from a Count Albufage Caramel, of Nismes, who discovered this stage of boiling. 19. Measures ofthe United States. (Distaied Water.) 1 gallon=8 pounds=2 halves. 1 do. =4 do. =2 quarts 1 quart =2 do. =2pints. 1 pint =1 do. =4gills. 1 pint =i do. =2gills. A large and a small pair of scales must be provided; the large for weighing sugar, &c., the smaller for drugs, &c., &c. *If at any time you boil the syrup a little too much, or produce a' degree beyoud what you wish for, pour in a little water and boil it up again. Sugar that has been boiling too often loses many of its good qualities. Some sugars are not well adapted for boiling to the degrees, and no rules laid down would enable the practitioner to know when the "Crack" is near. Great care must,therefore, be used; and nothing but practice will enable you to be uniformly successful. It is an old mviom with confectioners and dealers in syrup, that"there are twenty ways f^ease syrup, but none to make it grain when it is greasy."
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